Web pages or materials in the form of hypermedia documents accessed through the Internet can be located anywhere in the world. No matter where they originated, most Web documents are created using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). HTML is an acronym for “Hyper Text Markup Language”. HTML is the official language of WWW. HTML is a specified formatting language that defines the appearance and contents of a web page. HTML is a special set of codes that can be embedded in text to add formatting and linking information.
HTML was originally developed by TIM BERNER LEE at CERN (The European Laboratory for particle Physics in Geneva). It is a subset of SGML (Standard Generalized markup Language). HTML was first popularized by MOSAIC browser. HTML is the “language” that gives your Internet Browser information on how to display a web page. HTML is the language interpreted by a browser. HTML is specified as tags in a HTML Document.
Hyper Text Markup Language is defined as
- Hypertext means text which acts as a link. The fact that it is hyper means it is not linear i.e. you can go to any place on internet wherever you want by clicking on links. There is no set order to do things in.
- Markup means what HTML tags do to the text inside them. They mark it as a certain type of text. It refers to symbol or sequence of characters added to the simple text to define the structure of the text. The symbols used for markup tell the browser how to display the text on the screen.
- Language as it is having code words & syntax like any other language.
HTML is a method where ordinary text can be converted into hypertext using a special set of symbols to control the layout & appearance. One Thing to note that a markup language is not a programming language, as programming language consists of instructions that are compiled into programs. Whereas the markup languages generate documents that are interpreted by special programs called as browsers.